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Sunday, June 19

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Saturday, June 18

  1. page False Dilemma edited Correction: I would like to change the term from "either-or thinking" to "false di…

    Correction: I would like to change the term from "either-or thinking" to "false dilemma" which is more commonly used.
    False Dilemma
    Definition and Description
    {False%20Dilemma-thumb-300x254-153811[1].jpg}
    False dilemma (also called false dichotomy, bifurcation, black-and-white fallacy, either-or thinking) is a type of informal fallacy.
    A dilemma is typically defined as a situation in which a choice has to be made between two equally undesirable alternatives. [1] The fallacy of the false dilemma is an attempt to convince you that such a situation exists by surreptitiously eliminating alternative outcomes.
    While the name implies that only two options are available, this fallacy can be generalized to any situation where alternatives are illegitimately removed from the dialogue. Often, the false dilemma takes the extreme ends of a range of options and juxtaposes them in a single set of alternatives. [2]
    The fallacy can arise either from careless omission of other alternatives or from intentionally persuasion of making a choice in someone’s favor.
    Related Topic: Agumentation
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    Content
    Definition and Description
    ...
    External Links
    Further Reading
    Definition and Description
    False dilemma (also called false dichotomy, bifurcation, black-and-white fallacy, either-or thinking) is a type of informal fallacy.
    A dilemma is typically defined as a situation in which a choice has to be made between two equally undesirable alternatives. [1] The fallacy of the false dilemma is an attempt to convince you that such a situation exists by surreptitiously eliminating alternative outcomes.
    While the name implies that only two options are available, this fallacy can be generalized to any situation where alternatives are illegitimately removed from the dialogue. Often, the false dilemma takes the extreme ends of a range of options and juxtaposes them in a single set of alternatives. [2]
    The fallacy can arise either from careless omission of other alternatives or from intentionally persuasion of making a choice in someone’s favor.
    
    Examples
    “Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists.” [3]
    ...
    Another similar example would be:
    Eldridge Cleaver used such a quotation during his 1968 presidential campaign: “You're either part of the solution or part of the problem.” [4]
    2.FalseFalse dilemma can
    See the following example:
    "Caldwell Hall is in bad shape. Either we tear it down and put up a new building, or we continue to risk students' safety. Obviously we shouldn't risk anyone's safety, so we must tear the building down." [5]
    ...
    Analysis
    Though false dilemma is somewhat omniscient, it is sometimes difficult to detect the exact error in its reasoning because of the carefully and deliberately eliminated other possibilities.
    ...
    of "reasoning" :
    “It is hot today or it is cold.
    Today is not hot.
    Therefore it is cold today.”
    And theits underlying reasoning
    ...

    Either claim XP is true or claim YQ is true (when X and YPand Q could both
    ...
    false).
    Claim YQ is false.
    Therefore claim XP is true.
    This

    [just as indicated by the picture below]
    {falsedillema[1].gif}
    This
    line of
    ...
    is false.[6]
    Moreover,

    Moreover,
    if another claim YQ is also
    A more complicated example:
    Gerda Reith is convinced that superstition can be a positive force. "It gives you a sense of control by making you think you can work out what's going to happen next," she says. "And it also makes you feel lucky. And to take a risk or to enter into a chancy situation, you really have to believe in your own luck. In that sense, it's a very useful way of thinking, because the alternative is fatalism, which is to say, 'Oh, there's nothing I can do.' At least superstition makes people do things."[7]
    (view changes)
    9:07 pm

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