Run on Sentence

Contents

  1. The Definition of Sentence

  2. The Definition of Run on Sentence

  3. Run on Sentence Diagram

  4. The History of Run on Sentence

  5. The Most Common Comma Splice Error

  6. How to Correct Run on Sentence

  7. Exceptions for The Rules

  8. Run on Sentence Practice and Exercise

The Definition of Sentence

A sentence is "the group of words that usually contains a subject and a verb, express a complete idea or ask a question, and that , when written in English , begin with a capital letter and ends with a full-stop" [1] such as a period, a qustion mark or an exclamation point. A independent clause is a cluster of words that contains a subject and a predicate and that can "stand alone".


The Definition of Run on Sentence

"A run on sentence is puntuating and puting together two or more sentences as they were one". [2] In general, it is considered to be a grammatical error. But we have to notice that the length of a sentence has nothing to do with whether a sentence is a run-on or not, it is a structure flaw that can even happen in the short sentence. there are two basic types of run on sentence: fused sentences and comma splices.

In a fused sentence,there is no putuation between two indepent clause,[3] for example,The car stopped suddenly I spilled milk all over my shirt. In the comma splices, two or more independent clause are jointed by a comma only, for example, The car stopped suddenly, I spilled milk all over my shirt. [4] Common splices are the most common kind of run on, many may think that some kind of connection is needed between two thoughts, so they often put a comma at the dividing point, but the comma alone is not enough. a stronger, clear mark is need between the two complete thoughts.


Run on Sentence Diagram

This is a diagram of a run on sentence which represents the complexities of a run on sentence without the needless length of wording that a run-on sentence would have while maintaining a visual guide that images seem to maintian for the expresion of ideas and thoughts in a shorter format than words could hope to describe.
This is a diagram of a run on sentence which represents the complexities of a run on sentence without the needless length of wording that a run-on sentence would have while maintaining a visual guide that images seem to maintian for the expresion of ideas and thoughts in a shorter format than words could hope to describe.
[5]

The History of Run on Sentence

Run on sentence has experieced six stages of develpoment:Stone Age, Middle Ages, Renaissance and the Age of Enlightenment, The Victorian Era, 20th Century and mordern Day.

Run-on Sentences were the standard fare up until the invention of the period that is in the Stone Age. In the Middle Ages, King Arthur order people to stop using the period with some ellipsis to punctuate that is considered bad style. In Renaissance and the Age of Enlightenment run-on sentences were as a way for the upper class to show how much better they were than slobs. Either way, most documents still consisted of page-long sentences. In the Victorian Era the sentences of upper class got even longer, and just to make sure ordinary cretins didn't understand them, they wrote them so they didn't understand themselves either. In the 20th Century, many movements took place to agiant the run on sentence, like The Great Exclamation Crisis of 1924;1967—A boycott,1989—The Rehabilitation Clinic For those Hooked on those push the development of sentence into the Modern Day.[6]

The Most Common Comma Splice Error

The most common comma splice error is the conjunctive adverb comma splices. The common conutive adverbs such as again, also, besides, consequently, further, furthermore, hence, howverever ,thus ,other wise, etc.[7] for example, The boy ate the apple, however, his sister played quietly in the corner. The correct one should be : The boy ate the apple; however, his sister played quietly in the corner.

How to Correct Run on Sentence

There are three common methods of correcting a run on sentence.

  1. Use a period and a capital letter to break the two complete thoughts into separate sentences.[8] Use this method especially if the thoughts are not closely related or if another method would not make the sentece too long: The bus stopped very suddenly. I spilled coffee all over my shirt.

  2. Use a comma plus a joining word to correct the two complete thoughts, Joining words(also called conjunctions) include and, but, for, or, nor, so, and yet[9]. for example,Jim works part-time for an computer firm, and she takes evening classes. With the use of but, we can have this example,I turned to the want ads, but I knew my dream job wouldn't be listed.

  3. The third method of correcting a run on sentece is to use a semicolon to mark the break between two thoughts. A semicolon(;)looks like a period above a comma and is sometimes called a strong comma.A semicolon signals more of a pause than a comma alone but not quite the full pause of a period.When it is used to correct run on sentences, the semicolon can be used alone or with a transitional word. [10] Lonnie heard a noise and looked out the window; the only thing there was his reflection.

Apart from the aforementioned methods ,there are two other methods that can be adopted to help students to correct run on sentence.they are another two methods that can help you to correct a run on sentence.They are subordination and conjuctive adverb. subordination is a way of showing that one thought in a sentence is not as important as another thought, such as this sentence, the subordinate thought is underlined: Because the library had just closed, I couldn't get any of the reserved books. If there are only two independent clauses, seperate them with a semicolon, conjunctive adverb and a comma, for example: The boy ate his dinner; however, his sister played quietly in the corner.[11]

Exceptions for The Rules

There are some excptions for the rules of run on sentences which are rare. Two exceptions are given as follows.

  1. Short, closely related independent clauses in a sequence can be joined by a comma only, for example, He came, he saw, he conquered.

  2. If the second of two independent clauses reverses the negative emphasis of the first, these clause can be joined with a comma.[12]That day I did not swim. I sold real estate.

  3. if the second independent clause is a '"tag" question, a comma may be used between the clauses.[13]For example, He does, doesn't he?

Run on Sentece Practice and Exercise

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/quizzes/runons_quiz.htm

http://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/exercises/run-ons_ex1.htm


Reference:

[1]Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English,Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, 2007.print.

[2]www.utm.edu/organizations/wcenter/runons.ppt

[3]http://www.towson.edu/ows/modulecs_fs.htm

[4]www.utm.edu/organizations/wcenter/runons.ppt

[5]http://uncyclopedia.wikia.com/wiki/Run-on_sentence

[6]http://uncyclopedia.wikia.com/wiki/Run-on_sentence

[7]www.utm.edu/organizations/wcenter/runons.ppt

[8]College Writing Skills with Readings, Beijing:Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press,2007.print.

[9]College Writing Skills with Readings, Beijing:Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press,2007.print.

[10]College Writing Skills with Readings, Beijing:Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press,2007.print.

[11]www.msjc.edu/.../For.../Methods%20for%20Correcting%20Run-Ons.doc

[12]www.utm.edu/organizations/wcenter/runons.ppt

[13]www.utm.edu/organizations/wcenter/runons.ppt



Read More:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Run-on_sentence

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/runons.htm

http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/fragments.html
http://www.webster.edu/writingcenter/tips/runon.shtml
http://www.esc.edu/esconline/across_esc/writerscomplex.nsf/0/67D9302269FC40E6852569F5005E64F2?opendocument
http://als.uoregon.edu./
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/02/
http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/fragments.html
http://www.luc.edu/writing/proofreading.shtml