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In writing or having exams, anti-plagiarism is of great concern to both teachers and students. Currently, there are many kinds of plagiarism including copy and paste ideas or information that belong to other people. As campaigns of intellectual properties protecting become popular, we have to pay great attention not to commit plagiarism and respect copyright.


Definition


A plagiarism,according to Webster Dict, is defined as people who deliberately or unconciously use other's ideas or words, either written one or spoken one, without giving clear indication of the source of the information.[1]

Types of plagiarism



1. "Copy & Paste Plagiarism""Any time you lift a sentence or significant phrase intact from a source."[2] As the internet has been worldwide popularized, various kinds of information and literature works are avaliable on the internet. The fact that students can get infomation without much effort results in their ignorance of giving the author credit-citation.

2. "Word Switch Plagiarism"external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ3HytRSdK2vRs-drq1ZDaJ8rjMnPfp29ptc3Otp5Zcq2FMDrg3


If you take a sentence from a source and change around a few words, it is still plagiarism. [2] Remember, plagiarism means you steal someone's ideas, so even if you swich some words, the ideas are still not yours.

3. "Style Plagiarism"
"When you follow a Source Article sentence-by-sentence or paragraph-by-paragraph, it is plagiarism, even though none of your sentences are exactly like those in the source article or even in the same order. What you are copying in this case is the author's reasoning style."[2]

4. "Metaphor Plagiarism"
"Metaphors are used either to make an idea clearer or give the reader an analogy that touches the senses or emotions better than a plain description of the object or process. Metaphors, then, are an important part of an author's creative style. If you use the author's metaphor to illustrate an important idea, without giving the author credit for it, then you make a plagiarism"[2]

5." Idea Plagiarism"
If the author of the source article expresses a creative idea or suggests a solution to a problem, the idea or solution must be clearly attributed to the author when you use his or her idea or suggests."[2]

Advoiding Plagiarism [3]


Plagiarism can be so serious that people who plagiarize can be accused of and lose their bright future. Many people mistakenly think that plagiarism only occurs in acdemic field, but this is completely wrong. Literally, whenever we use ideas or words that are belong to others, it is a must for us to clearly acknowledge the source. Since we frequently quote contents of texts or literature when doing writing work, we ought to know the strategies to avoid plagiarism. 
However before knowing any concrete methods you firstly should change your attitude toward citation. many students worry about using to many citations, for they imply that your essays rely too much on other's ideas therefore indicate that you do not have much thoughts of yourselves. In fact, using citation not only reflects your ability to process and use information which indicates your understanding of the course, but also tells that you are honest a student. By citation, you get relevant materials to prove your argument in your essay and strengthen your credibility. The reason why readers agree with your point of views is that you give them enough evidence which mostly comes from sources you cite, thus, using citation is not a thing of shame. Make sure you clearly indicate the source of the information and give credit to the author, then your citation will do good only. 
Strategies for advoiding plagiarism: As yo have reconsidered your position in citation, the next step you hav to take is to learn how to take carful note and add exactly right quotation and citation to avoid plagiarism.


1. Keep track of all information by improving note taking skills. By taking notes, it doesn't mean you simply take a phrase from source text, you should try to paraphrase it or refine its central idea for your own usage. To achieve this goal, first of all, you should carefully write down relevant information you will need for your work cited page. Secondly, you should learn how to refine the information you need when you read the novel, or text, or essay which you want to refer by thinking from angles listed below:
  • what is the author try to explain?( so that you can know what is the main argument and whether it is related to your writing)
  • why does he/she think these points are important? ( to help you know the author's ideas thoroughly and comprehensively)
  • how can the information be applied to your writing? ( to help you to connect your idea with the author's, making it as one )

After thinking these, you will get a relatively thoroughly understanding of the passages you want to quote. It is benefitial for you to paraphrase rightly and avoid plagiarism. Check your paraphrases again and make sure you write out the ideas in your own way. Still you will need to give credit to the author at the end of the paragraph.

Process of examing plagiarism




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Example: Unacceptable paraphrase and Acceptable Paraphrase:

ORGINAL text from page 1 of Lizzie Borden: A Case Book of Family and Crime in the 1890s by Joyce Williams et al.:
The rise of industry, the growth of cities, and the expansion of the population were the three great developments of late nineteenth century American history. As new, larger, steam-powered factories became a feature of the American landscape in the East, they transformed farm hands into industrial laborers, and provided jobs for a rising tide of immigrants. With industry came urbanization the growth of large cities (like Fall River, Massachusetts, where the Bordens lived) which became the centers of production as well as of commerce and trade [4]

Here’s an UNACCEPTABLE paraphrase that is plagiarism:
The increase of industry, the growth of cities, and the explosion of the population were three large factors of nineteenth century America. As steam-driven companies became more visible in the eastern part of the country, they changed farm hands into factory workers and provided jobs for the large wave of immigrants. With industry came the growth of large cities like Fall River where the Bordens lived which turned into centers of commerce and trade as well as production.[4]

Here’s an ACCEPTABLE paraphrase:
Fall River, where the Borden family lived, was typical of northeastern industrial cities of the nineteenth century. Steam-powered production had shifted labor from agriculture to manufacturing, and as immigrants arrived in the US, they found work in these new factories. As a result, populations grew, and large urban areas arose. Fall River was one of these manufacturing and commercial centers (Williams 1).[4]


2. Put in quotations everything that comes directly from the text, and using a standard documentation style such as MLA style and APA style in the citing page. here, you will be required to learn more about how to use at leat one standard style.

Exmaple: MLA

Book
Author's last name, first name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year. Print.
Beckham, David. Why I Love to Dance. New York: Pocket, 2009.Print.

Newspaper Article

Author's last name, first name. "Title of Article." Name of Newspaper Date, edtion: Page(s). Print.
Bechham, David. " Living a Happy Life." New York Times 15 Mar. 2010: A3+. Print

Website

Author's last name, first name. "Title of Article." Name of home website. Date listed, if any, that the article was published on the site. web. Date you accessed the article.
Speares, Britney. "Confessions of an Angel." Spin Magazine. N.p., 20 Feb. 2004. Web.15 Mar. 2010.


Check for Plagiarism


In order to know whether you commit plagiarism, you or your teachers will choose to check online. Based on these advice for avoding plagiarism listed above, you shall know some online websites for plagiarism checking to help you . Following websites might do you a favor.

http://www.plagiarismchecker.com/
http://www.plagiarismdetect.com/

Reference


http://www.plagiarism.org/plag_article_what_is_plagiarism.html[1]
Barnbaum, C. “Plagiarism: A Student's Guide to Recognizing It and Avoiding It.” Valdsta State[2]
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/[3]
http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/plagiarism.html [4]
http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml [5]
http://www.mlahandbook.org/

External Reference


http://www.academicplagiarism.com/
http://www.mla.org/style
http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocMLA.html
http://www.apa.org/