Objectivity and Subjectivity in Argumentation Writing

Contents

1.

Itroduction

2.

Definition

3.

Effect

4.

Relation

5.

Conclusion

6.

References

Introduction

Argumentation is a daily formal writing style. In our daily life, we often read argumentations, and find some of them are terribly bad, too objective or too subjective. In argumentative writing, objectivity and subjectivity should be balanced well so that the argumentation would be lively, trust worthy and easily understandable. As a good argumentative writer, we should make our essay be understood by our readers easily, not too unreadable or too funny that loses our original intention of writing.
Definition
Argumentation
Argumentation is the interdisciplinary study of how humans should, can, and do reach conclusions through logical reasoning that is, claims based, soundly or not, on premises. It includes the arts and sciences of civil debate, dialogue, conversation, and persuasion. It studies rules of inference, logic, and procedural rules in both artificial and real world settings.
Argumentation includes debate and negotiation which are concerned with reaching mutually acceptable conclusions. It also encompasses eristic dialog, the branch of social debate in which victory over an opponent is the primary goal. This art and science is often the means by which people protect their beliefs or self-interests in rational dialogue, in common parlance, and during the process of arguing.
Argumentation is used in law, for example in trials, in preparing an argument to be presented to a court, and in testing the validity of certain kinds of evidence. Also, argumentation scholars study the post hoc rationalizations by which organizational actors try to justify decisions they have made irrationally.
More relevant information in
**http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argumentation_theory**
Objectivity
Objectivity in argumentative writing is to use some data and the real example to support the thesis and to make readers accept it. Objectivity in argumentative writing means that all the evidences which are used must be true, it is only truth that makes argumentation trust worthy and thesis right.
Subjectivity
Subjectivity mainly means that the writer can choose a way to state the thesis clearly and make the essay readable. When explain some complex theory, we can use some rhetoric ways to improve the essay. Subjectivity here is the way we present the topic.
Effect
Objectivity
In argumentative writing, objectivity is very important and necessary. It is a basic aspect in argumentative writing. Being objective is the most important spirit in argumentation. Objectivity makes argumentation trust worthy, and reflects the facticity of essay. Without objectivity, readers may think the argumentation untrue and the writer a liar. Objectivity can make argumentation much convincing and help the writer persuade hit or her readers to accept his or her opinion.
Subjectivity
Subjectivity makes an argumentation more readable and increases enjoyment on it. So that readers can understand the idea what the argumentation says in relax way easily. Especially when the readers are not familiar to the theory in the essay, subjectivity is important. Subjectivity does not mean that writer makes up something, but put something related how to organize the words in a readable way, and use some rhetorical devices.
Related information
http://www.explorewriting.co.uk/ObjectivityAndSubjectivity.html

Relation
Objectivity is a basic spirit in argumentation writing, and subjectivity is a necessary way to present the thesis. A good argumentation must be objective and subjective. In another word, argumentation should be true and readable. Neither of objectivity and subjectivity can be cut in an argumentation. In my opinion, although objectivity is the most important element in argumentative writing, subjectivity is a necessary supplement to make argumentation not that ruthless and unfriendly.
Conclusion
Objectivity and subjectivity are all important in argumentative writing. When we write an argumentation, we had better think about subjectivity while we pay more attention to objectivity.
In argumentative writing, first we should know who our readers are. If we right a formal scientific argumentation, we should be more objectivity. Because our readers are the people who have related background knowledge, or even the related experts, so we should be more objective in this strict situation. But if we write an argumentation on popularization of science, we should be subjective when we think about objectivity.
For example, if I want to write an argumentation on polar lights to some astronomers, I should be objective in my essay. I should quote lots of data and do researches on it to analyze the theory I find to the experts like this:
Polar lights result from emissions of photons in the Earth's upper atmosphere, above 80 km (50 miles), from ionized nitrogen atoms regaining an electron, and oxygen and nitrogen atoms returning from an excited state to ground state. They are ionized or excited by the collision of solar wind particles being funneled down and accelerated along the Earth's magnetic field lines; excitation energy is lost by the emission of a photon of light, or by collision with another atom or molecule.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora_(astronomy)


If I write polar lights for children, I will write like this:
Do you know polar lights? Have you seen polar lights? Polar lights are beautiful and can be seen in the places near the pole. There are some pictures,
1.jpg2.jpg


More pictures on:
http://www.google.com.hk/search?q=%E6%9E%81%E5%85%89&hl=zh-CN&inlang=zh-CN&safe=strict&prmd=ivns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=lsXrTezmM4SKvgP229zaDw&ved=0CEYQsAQ&biw=1280&bih=621

When the sun lights come to earth, they will meet the atmosphere and some other energy, and then the polar lights are born.
The former one is more objective, and use more data to present the theory of polar lights, while the later one is more subjective, because its readers are little children, they cannot understand the complex theory, so use the word “born” and pictures to make them know the polar lights.
References
**http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argumentation_theory**
http://www.explorewriting.co.uk/ObjectivityAndSubjectivity.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora_(astronomy)
http://www.google.com.hk/search?q=%E6%9E%81%E5%85%89&hl=zh-CN&inlang=zh-CN&safe=strict&prmd=ivns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=lsXrTezmM4SKvgP229zaDw&ved=0CEYQsAQ&biw=1280&bih=621