Definition:1. Cluttering is a fluency disorder characterized by a rate that is perceived to be abnormally rapid, irregular, or both for the speaker (although measured syllable rates may not exceed normal limits). These rate abnormalities further are manifest in one or more of the following symptoms: (a) An excessive number of disfluencies, the majority of which are not typical of people with stuttering; (b) The frequent placement of pauses and use of prosodic patterns that do not conform to syntactic and semantic constraints; (c) Inappropriate (usually excessive) degrees of coarticulation among sounds, especially in multisyllabic words. [1]2. Clutter is the laborious phrase which has pushed out the short word that means the same thing. [2]
In my opinion, clutter is a sort of writing skill that adding unnecessary prepositions, adverbs and adjectives to phrases and sentences or using pompous or pretentious words in some expressions to confuse people’s understanding of something.


Presentation:
Cluttering includes Spoonerisms, Malapropisms and Freudian slips according to Wikipedia. Specifically,cluttering has reading and writing disorders, especially sprawling, disorderlyhandwriting, which poorly integrate ideas and space. [3]



For example:

It feels likeabout twenty thoughts explode on my mind all at once, and I need to expressthem all, that when I'm trying to make a point, that I just rememberedsomething that I was supposed to say, so the person can understand, and I needto interrupt myself to say something that I should have said before, and that Ineed to constantly revise the sentences that I'm working on, to get it out right.[4]


Obviously, clutter is fully embodied by this example. Owing to some improper usages ofconjunctions and disordered sentences, the speech usually make audiencesconfused and boring so that people soon lose interests in what he or she issaying.


Moreover, clutteralso means using laborious words and phrases to replace simple and economicexpressions. For example, “now” could be changed into “at this point in time”.People say “currently” or “presently” which mean “soon”. These words can betotally expressed by “now”, “today” even “to be”.


As a matter offact, clutter can be seen as the ponderous euphemism. For instance, a slum isturned into a depressed socioeconomic area, a salesman into a marketingrepresentative and garbage collectors into waste disposal personnel. [5]


William Zinsser says clutter is widely used in official language both in corporation and ingovernment. When a big company announced that it was “decentralizing itsorganizational structure into major profit-centered businesses” and that “corporatestaff services will realigned under two senior vice-presidents” it meant thatit had had a lousy year. William Zinsser also takes Pentagon as an example. Theofficials called an invasion a “reinforced protective reaction strike” andjustified its vast budgets on the need for “credible second-strike capability”(forceto conduct a retaliatory attack) and “counterforce deterrence”(a check on theopposing force or violence).[6]


Treatment:

After writing anarticle, it is quite necessary to subject to your writing to scrutiny. Keep theprinciples of economy, simplicity and clarity in mind. William Zinsser adviseda device at Yale. Brackets around any component in a piece of writing that wasn’tdoing useful work can be put.

Examples: “order (up)”“smile (happily)” “(tall) skyscraper”

At the same time,the sentence that essentially repeats what the previous sentence said, or thattells the reader something he doesn’t need to know or can figure out forhimself should be surrounded by brackets.[7]



References:

[1] St.Louis, K. O., Myers, F. L., Bakker, K., & Raphael, L. J. (2007).Understanding and treating cluttering. In E. G. Conture & R. F. Curlee(Eds.) Stuttering and related disorders of fluency, 3rd ed. (pp. 297-325). NY:Thieme.

[2] William Zinsser, clutter,Ray et al, pp.184-189

[3] __Fluency Disorders: Stuttering vs Cluttering__

[4] Reyes-Alami, C.. __"Interview with a Person who Clutters"__. __http://www.mnsu.edu/comdis/kuster/cluttering/camil.html.Retrieved 2006-01-01__

[5] William Zinsser, clutter,Ray et al, pp.184-189

[6] William Zinsser, clutter,Ray et al, pp.184-189

[7] William Zinsser, clutter,Ray et al, pp.184-189

(I do all the revises in the Word document because the Xiamen writing space doesn’t work on A regular basis. I’m sorry about that)
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