Resume : The first Step For A Good Job

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Background

According to a research, it takes about an average ten interviews to receive a job offer. The key to get an interview is to make your resume attractive to the employers. An employer usually spends about ten seconds to scan a resume. So how to design a unique and uesful resume is important. Here is a guide for graduating students to design their own resumes effectively.

Definition

To write a perfect resume, the first step is to see what is a resume and what functions it does. A resume is a brief summary about your education, skills, experience and abilities. The purpose is to convince the employer to interview you and furture to get you a job.

Features

To be brief is the basic feature of a resume. It is also the big difference from a curriculum vitae(cv). A resume usually is about one page and if you have an advanced degree and extensive experiences(+10 years), two pages are enough. While a cv is a much longer(at least two pages) and detailed synopsis. A cv is usually use to apply for academic and research position. So a resume is more popular with students to look for a job.

Prepare a resume

There are six main parts to organise a resume. It includes personal information, education background, experience, honors, skills, activities. The following is more details about each part.

  • Personal information

This part is located in the top center of the first page. It includes name(no title), addresses, phone number, e-mail or fax addresses(optional) and citizenship if applicable.

There are some tips for this part from Brea Barthel and Amanda Goldrick-Jones.

NOTE: A potential employer has no legal right to request information about age, sex, race, religion, marital status, health, physical appearance, or personal habits. Don't include such information on your resume.

Of course, when you have finished this part, careful check is necessary, especially your phone number, e-mail. Mistyping these information will easily cost your chance of an interview. After you have sent your resumes to the employers, you must be sure to check your e-mail regularly or you may miss important messages. If you live in campus, please write your university's address as well as your home.

  • Education

This part often just follows personal information and comes first in a student's resume. It is clear to organise it in a time order and it is a good choice to start from the recent time. The suggest from Brea Barthel and Amanda Goldrick-Jones is to list degrees and month/year obtained or expected; names and locations of schools; major and minor, if any; grade point average. A brief summary of important courses you've taken might also be helpful.

  • Experience

This is often the third part in your resume. It can include part-time jobs, volunteer work, academic research, students union activities, etc. Similarly, list the year/month you worked, location, position, name and responsibilities you had. You should make the employers clear about what you have done, what you have learned and what abilities you have acquired. When you describe your experiences, it is helper to ask yourselves the following questions(those questions are from the internet, I will list the internet address in the bottom of the article);

  • Have I invented, discovered, coordinated, organized, or directed anything professionally or for my community?

  • Do I meet deadlines consistently?

  • Am I a good communicator?

  • Do I enjoy teamwork?

  • Honors

This part is to show what kinds of awards you have gotten in your universities. It can include academic awards, such as scholarships, fellowship; community awards like athletic awards or professional awards.

  • Skills

This part can include computer languages and software, research, laboratory, teaching or tutoring, communication, leadership, or athletic, among others.

  • Activities

This part, in my opinion, is a little overlapped with the experience. You can add some extra-curricular activities and some of your hobbies.


15 Tips for Writing a Winning Resumes

When you ask someone for the meathod of writing a winning resumes, different people have different ideas. It's difficult to know where to start or what to include. It can seem like an insurmountable task. Here are 15 tips to help you not only tackle the task, but also write a winning resume.

1) Determine your job search objective prior to writing the resume. Once you have determined your objective, you can structure the content of your resume around that objective. Think of your objective as the bull's-eye to focus your resume on hitting. If you write your resume without having a clear objective in mind, it will likely come across as unfocused to those that read it. Take the time before you start your resume to form a clear objective.

2) Think of your resume as a marketing tool. Think of yourself as a product, potential employers as your customers, and your resume as a brochure about you. Market yourself through your resume. What are your features and benefits? What makes you unique? Make sure to convey this information in your resume.

3) Use your resume to obtain an interview, not a job. You don't need to go into detail about every accomplishment. Strive to be clear and concise. The purpose of your resume is to generate enough interest in you to have an employer contact you for an interview. Use the interview to provide a more detailed explanation of your accomplishments and to land a job offer.

4) Use bulleted sentences. In the body of your resume, use bullets with short sentences rather than lengthy paragraphs. Resumes are read quickly. This bulleted sentence format makes it easier for someone to quickly scan your resume and still absorb it.

5) Use action words. Action words cause your resume to pop. To add life to your resume, use bulleted sentences that begin with action words like prepared, developed, monitored, and presented.

6) Use #'s, $'s and %'s. Numbers, dollars, and percentages stand out in the body of a resume. Use them. Here are two examples: Managed a department of 10 with a budget of $1,000,000. Increased sales by 25% in a 15-state territory.

7) Lead with your strengths. Since resumes are typically reviewed in 30 seconds, take the time to determine which bullets most strongly support your job search objective. Put those strong points first where they are more apt to be read.

8) Play Match Game. Review want ads for positions that interest you. Use the key words listed in these ads to match them to bullets in your resume. If you have missed any key words, add them to your resume.

9) Use buzzwords. If there are terms that show your competence in a particular field, use them in your resume. For marketing people, use "competitive analysis." For accounting types, use "reconciled accounts."

10) Accent the positive. Leave off negatives and irrelevant points. If you feel your date of graduation will subject you to age discrimination, leave the date off your resume. If you do some duties in your current job that don't support your job search objective, leave them off your resume. Focus on the duties that do support your objective. Leave off irrelevant personal information like your height and weight.

11) Show what you know. Rather than going into depth in one area, use your resume to highlight your breadth of knowledge. Use an interview to provide more detail.

12) Show who you know. If you have reported to someone important such as a vice president or department manager, say so in your resume. Having reported to someone important causes the reader to infer that you are important.

13) Construct your resume to read easily. Leave white space. Use a font size no smaller than 10 point. Limit the length of your resume to 1-2 pages. Remember, resumes are reviewed quickly. Help the reader to scan your resume efficiently and effectively.

14) Have someone else review your resume. Since you are so close to your situation, it can be difficult for you to hit all your high points and clearly convey all your accomplishments. Have someone review your job search objective, your resume, and listings of positions that interest you. Encourage them to ask questions. Their questions can help you to discover items you inadvertently left off your resume. Revise your resume to include these items. Their questions can also point to items on your resume that are confusing to the reader. Clarify your resume based on this input.

15) Submit your resume to potential employers. Have the courage to submit your resume. Think of it as a game where your odds of winning increase with every resume you submit. You really do increase your odds with every resume you submit. Use a three-tiered approach. Apply for some jobs that appear to be beneath you. Perhaps they will turn out to be more than they appeared to be once you interview for them. Or perhaps once you have your foot in the door you can learn of other opportunities. Apply for jobs that seem to be just at your level. You will get interviews for some of those jobs. See how each job stacks up. Try for some jobs that seem like a stretch. That's how you growy taking risks. Don't rule yourself out. Trust the process. Good luck in your job search!

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Sample Resumes

STEPHANIE LOSSON
Steph@abc.efj.com

Home Address Campus Address

3127 Box Car Alley P.O. Box 1200, UPJ Box 321

Monroeville, PA 15111 Johnstown, PA 15904

(412) 555-4212 (814) 555-1232

Objective

To obtain an internship in Accounting.

Education

University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown, Johnstown, PA

Graduation Date: June 20_ _

Major: Business

Concentration: Accounting

Q.P.A. 2.91

Computer Skills

Software: Microsoft Word Internet skills: Netscape

WordPerfect Internet Explorer

Power Point

Experience

Wallet Works, The Galleria, Johnstown, PA August 20_ _ - Present

Sales Associate/Assistant Manager (full-time, salaried)

Duties: Merchandising and display, customer relations, inventory control, in charge of opening and closing and cash reconciliation in the absence of the manager

Family Toy Land, Somerset, PA August 20_ _ – July 20_ _

Sales Associate

Duties: Handled cash register transactions, maintained dining area, assisted with customer relations

Brett’s Subs, Johnstown, PA May 20_ _ – August 20_ _

Cashier, Sandwich Maker

Duties: Handled cash register transactions, maintained dining area, assisted with customer relations, prepared sandwiches

Activities and Honors

Jason E. and Heather M. Edwards Senior Accounting Award

Alpha Kappa Psi (Business Fraternity)

Student Senator

References available upon Request

http://artsandsciences.virginia.edu/college/career/resource/samples.html

http://www.ncsu.edu/career/students/resumesletters/samples1.php

You can click this website to find more good sample resumes.

More tips about writing a resume

http://www.mit.edu/~career/guide/resumes.html

You can click this website to get more tips about writng a resume

More reading

http://www.rpi.edu/web/writingcenter/resume.html

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/719/1/

http://jobsearch.about.com/cs/curriculumvitae/f/cvresume.htm

http://www.hope.edu/student/career/resources/internshipresume.pdf

http://www.upj.pitt.edu/11427.pdf